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2022

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06

The China Science and Technology Policy Research Association was awarded the 2022 Outstanding recommend Unit by the China Association for Science and Technology to Solicit Major Scientific and Technological Problems


On June 27, at the closing ceremony of the 24th annual meeting of the China Association for science and technology, the China Association for science and technology solemnly released 10 cutting-edge scientific issues that have a guiding role in scientific development, 10 engineering and technical problems that play a key role in engineering and technological innovation, and 10 industrial and technical issues that play a leading role in industrial development, which were released by you Zheng, vice chairman of the China Association for science and technology and academician of the Chinese Academy of engineering.

The China Science and Technology Policy Research Association was selected and awarded the "Excellent recommend Unit" plaque on recommend issues.Chairman Mu RongpingAttended the 2022 major scientific issues, engineering and technical problems and industrial technology issues issued and awarded activities. The topic was selected by the China Science and Technology Policy Research Association.Professional Committee on Industrialization of Scientific and Technological AchievementsContributions, participants:Zhang Shiyun, Jiang Huigong, Zhang Zhenwei.

2022 major scientific issues, engineering and technical problems and industrial technology issues solicitation and release activities, focusing on basic science of mathematics, physics and chemistry, earth science, ecological environment, manufacturing technology, information technology, advanced materials, resources and energy, agricultural science and technology, life and health, aerospace science and technology, 649 problems submitted by 107 national societies and associations, 8 leading enterprises and enterprise science and technology associations were collected, A number of industry leaders such as China Resources Group and Tencent participated in the recommend for the first time, and more than 30000 front-line scientific and technological workers and strategic scientists participated in the recommend and judgment. After the primary selection of scientific and technological workers, the re-selection of experts in the subject field, the final selection, and the final selection, 30 major problems were finally selected.

Since 2018, the China Association for Science and Technology has organized national societies, enterprise science and technology associations and other organizations for five consecutive years, extensively contacted domestic and foreign science and technology organizations and experts, solicited and selected major scientific and technological problems, and released them at the annual meeting of the China Association for Science and Technology. In the past five years, a total of 2772 problems have been collected, 160 have been released, and 146 national societies and associations have participated in the recommendation. This is of great significance to further stimulate the curiosity and enthusiasm of free exploration of the vast number of scientific and technological workers, lead the trend of scientific and technological innovation and the direction of scientific research, and serve the development of national scientific and technological innovation. The China Association for Science and Technology will also conduct publicity, promotion, and follow-up research around the published problems and problems, guide the majority of scientific and technological workers to carry out original and leading scientific and technological research around the problems and problems, and make greater contributions to accelerating the construction of a scientific and technological power, and welcome the party with outstanding results The 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held successfully.

The 10 frontier scientific questions are:

How to diagnose asymptomatic Alzheimer's disease early?

How to achieve credible and reliable interpretable artificial intelligence technology routes and solutions?

How to achieve precise preparation and structural regulation at the atomic scale to build future information functional devices?

What are the problems and challenges of new pollutants?

How to realize automatic, intelligent and accurate chemical synthesis?

How to integrate multi-omics to study complex traits of organisms?

Can atomic-scale controlled removal of material surfaces be achieved?

How to accurately evaluate the comprehensive urban transportation system and infrastructure resilience?

How do black holes form and evolve in the universe?

What are the key scientific problems restricting the extraction of uranium from seawater?

 

The 10 engineering and technical problems are:

How to break through the key technology of deep sea aquaculture facilities in China?

How to realize the low-cost geological storage and the coordinated development of ecological environment for the super-large amount of three wastes (solid, liquid and gas) in coal mines in China?

How to create a comprehensive treatment system for cardiogenic shock?

How to realize the engineering application of all-solid-state lithium metal batteries?

How to realize high precision complex hard curved conformal circuit?

How to break through the technical problems of safe construction and performance maintenance of ultra-long deep buried tunnels with extremely complex geology on the plateau?

How to solve the problem of thermal/force/chemical coupling modeling and characterization of high temperature cross medium?

How to extract helium from low-grade helium-containing natural gas?

How to use remote sensing technology to carry out effective diagnosis, identification and assessment of the earth's health?

How to realize the deployment, assembly and construction of large diameter satellite antenna in orbit?

 

The 10 industrial technology issues are:

How to establish a clinical translational therapy system for cell and gene therapy?

How to realize the engineering and industrialization of the integrated chip?

How to realize the low carbon development of thermal power industry under the background of carbon neutrality?

How to systematically solve the problems of industrialization and high energy consumption of buildings through standardized design, automated production, robotic construction and assembly construction?

 How to develop independent and controllable industrial design software?

How to use multi-source data to achieve accurate prediction of crop diseases and insect pests?

How to synthesize adiponitrile efficiently and safely from non-petroleum raw materials?

Why does wheat stem base rot disease break out in the main wheat producing areas in China in recent years, and how to carry out scientific and effective prevention and control?

How to develop large variable speed pumped storage units?

How to break through the high quality para-aramid localization card neck technology to meet the needs of high-end applications?

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