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2022

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06

[Paper Express] The theoretical framework and policy implications of the national science and technology governance system.


Abstract:Improving and perfecting the national science and technology governance system is the strategic policy of national science and technology development, and it is a research topic with important theoretical and policy significance. On the basis of examining the ideas and problems of science and technology governance, taking systematic analysis as the method, taking governance theory, innovation theory, science and technology policy and management, and science and society as the theoretical perspectives, combined with the practice of international science and technology governance and system construction, this paper expounds the significance and constituent elements of the science and technology governance system, and makes a theoretical exploration of the overall structure of the national science and technology governance system. The study concludes that the national science and technology governance system has a clear value orientation and multiple goals, and the national science and technology governance system is composed of several levels of governance, such as strategy-field-research plan-research activities-results and influence, which are interrelated with each other. Theoretical research shows that the policy measures to improve the national governance system should be strengthened along the direction of clear governance, strengthen macro-strategic governance and policy coordination, expand the autonomy of research institutions and improve the main policy tools.

 

Key words:science and technology governance; national science and technology governance system; science and technology ethics governance

 

Abstract: Strengthening the governance of the national science and technology system is a development trend of major countries in the world, and also a strategic guideline for China's development of science and technology.The purpose of this research is to explore the meaning of S&T governance and the national S&T governance system,expounds the elements, constitution, functions and policy implications of the national science and technology governance system and to put forwards policy suggestions for strengthening and improving the S&T governance system in China.Based on the investigation of governance concept and governance theory, this research discusses the origin and development of thought science and technology governance.Based on governance theory and science and technology governance practice, this research puts forward the definition of science and technology governance andnational science and technology governance system.Science and technology governance runs through the whole process of science and technology innovation activities,from strategy and decision, to research and development, to the application, diffusion and influence of the results.The national governance system of science and technology has three main objectives: to promote the development of national science and technology; to ensure the healthy and orderly of scientific and technological development processes;to control the consequences and effects of science and technology.The components of national governance system of science and technology include science and technology governance actors, tools(strategy and planning, funding tools and research program, evaluation and supervision, norms, rules and laws) and mechanisms(coordination, advice, participation, evaluation and dynamic adjustment, ethical review and supervision).The ethical governance principle of the national governance system of science and technology is responsible research and innovation.To realize multi-objective governance of national science and technology governance system, it is necessary to solve all kinds of old failures and new types of failures.The national governance system of science and technology consists of strategic governance, priority field governance,research program governance, research system and research activities governance, and research results application and diffusion governance. The operation of national governance system of science and technology depends on its institutional basis and organizational settings.Finally, this research puts forward the following measures to strengthen and improve the construction of China's governance system of science and technology: strengthen macro guidance for national science and technology strategies,major policies, and major tasks, strengthen the coordination of all aspects of government policy, improve the national system of science and technology advicefor decision-making, expand participation, reform and innovation of national major research program, expand the autonomy of research related research institutions and university reform, perfect the evaluation system of science and technology, strengthen the construction of ethics of science and technology environment,strengthen the construction of laws and regulations of science and technology, strengthen the development of a culture of scientific innovation and the communication of science.

 

Key words: science and technology governance;national science and technology governance system;ethical governance of science and technology

 

Article Author: FAN Chunliang

Author: Institute of Science and Technology Strategy Consulting, Chinese Academy of Sciences

School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences

The full text has been published in Science and Science and Technology Management, Issue 3, 2022.

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