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2022

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06

Abstract of the cover article of Science Research, Issue 6, 2022


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(Zhu Fengqing, Associate Professor, Harbin Institute of Technology)

 

The Moderating Role of Technology and Its Challenge to the Traditional View of Moral Responsibility

Zhu Fengqing

(Center for History of Science and Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China)

 

Abstract:The moderating effect of technology on human experience and action reveals that technology plays an active role in ethical behavior and decision-making. The moderating effect of technology challenges the four premises of the traditional view of moral responsibility: the actor's behavior leads to the result, the actor needs to have the intention to act and the freedom to realize the intention, the actor knows or may have known the relevant facts of the case, and the actor knows the relevant norms and values. The concept of social responsibility shifts the focus from blame and praise to being a responsible actor, creating more space to reflect on the ideal way to deal with technology.

 

Introduction to the author:

Zhu Fengqing (1968-), female, from Harbin, Heilongjiang, associate professor, doctor, research direction is science and technology and society.


 

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(Fang Qi, Associate Professor, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University)

 

The Configuration Effect of Policy Supply and Policy Coordination in the Transformation of Scientific and Technological Achievements

Fang Qi1, Xie Hongming2

(1. School of Economics and Management, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, School of Management, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310000, China; 2. School of Management, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China)

 

Abstract:The transformation of scientific and technological achievements is the foundation of new products and even new industries. How to optimize the transformation policy of scientific and technological achievements to promote the effectiveness of regional transformation is an important question to be answered. In view of the complex conditions of achievement transformation caused by the differences of policy systems and regional technical resources among different levels of government networks in China, this paper is based on the framework of integrated perspective, comprehensively applies CFA and fsQCA methods, and uses the data of 160 transfer institutions in four regions of Hubei, Guangdong, Shanghai and Zhejiang, based on the regional technical resources and institutional organization situation, examine the effects of five conditions of policy supply, policy coordination, technical sources, institutional strength, identity self-consistency and different condition configurations on the effectiveness of transformation. The study found that:(1) the condition of single achievement transformation factor does not constitute the necessary condition for the high effect of achievement transformation, but the policy coordination plays a key role in the high effect of transformation;(2) neither the institutional perspective, the resource perspective or the organizational perspective can fully explain the achievement transformation, and the comprehensive different perspectives can provide a reasonable explanation. (3) Three kinds of achievement transformation condition configuration can produce high results, namely, the intermediary power type of policy supply, the technical resource type of policy coordination and the identity self-consistent type of policy coordination. Respectively represent different ways to achieve high results in the transformation of results. This paper also analyzes four configurations that lead to non-high results in the transformation of results, all of which show the lack of policy conditions. This paper explores the impact of achievement transformation policy supply and policy coordination on the transformation effectiveness from the perspective of integration, which has important theoretical and practical significance to reveal the realization path of high-efficiency policy conditions for the transformation of scientific and technological achievements in China.

 

Introduction to the author:

Fang Qi (1976-), female, from Hangzhou, Zhejiang, associate professor, doctoral candidate, research direction is innovation management.

Xie Hongming (1971-), male, from Wusheng, Sichuan, is a professor and doctoral supervisor. His research interests are enterprise internationalization, global innovation and platform ecosystem.


 

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(Guo Ying, Professor, China University of Political Science and Law)

 

Research on the Relationship between Patent Technology Emerging Degree and Its Technological Influence

Guo Ying, Wang Mingxing, Duan Weiyu

(Business School, China University of Political Science and Law, Beijing 100088, China)

 

Abstract:Identifying emerging technologies with development potential and the most valuable emerging technology subjects has become the focus of attention of all stakeholders. The FUSE project in the United States puts forward the index of "technology emerging degree", which realizes the quantitative evaluation of emerging technologies (subjects). On this basis, this paper takes patent as the research object, introduces bibliometrics, econometrics and other related methods, on the basis of calculating the emerging degree of patent technology, explores the relationship between the emerging degree of patent technology and its technical influence from a quantitative point of view, and uses the patent data in the field of nano-drug delivery for empirical analysis. The research shows that there is a significant positive correlation between the technical influence of patents and the degree of emerging technology, that is, the higher the degree of emerging technology patents may have a greater impact and promotion on the subsequent development of technology, and this emerging technology idea (emerging term) has a certain persistence (at least 3 years) to improve the influence of patent technology. This study provides an important reference for the quantitative research of emerging technologies, the mining of high-quality patents and the formulation of relevant science and technology strategies of our government or enterprises.

 

Introduction to the author:

Guo Ying (1984-), female, from Taiyuan, Shanxi Province, is a professor and doctoral supervisor. His research interests are technological innovation management and innovation economics.

Wang Mingxing (1997-), female, from Yuzhou, Henan, master's degree candidate, research direction is technological innovation management.

Duan Weiyu (1995-), female, from Langfang, Hebei Province, is a doctoral student, whose research direction is innovation economics.


 

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(Liu Yun, Professor, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences)

 

Characteristics and Enlightenment of Basic Research in U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratory

Liu Yun, Zhai Xiaorong

(School of Public Policy and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)

 

Abstract:The national laboratory is a strategic scientific and technological force and a platform for major original innovation to carry out high-level basic and applied basic research facing the world's scientific and technological frontiers and national strategic needs. How to strengthen the strategic basic research of goal-oriented national laboratories, and carry out collaborative research on key technologies with industry-university-research institutes, and improve the original innovation capabilities of my country's cutting-edge technologies and strategic fields are key issues that need to be resolved urgently in the construction of my country's national laboratories. The U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratory is the core force for the United States to carry out strategic basic research and cutting-edge technology exploration, and is in a leading position among similar institutions in the world. Based on the basic research input-output analysis framework, the operation mode and output characteristics of the strategic basic research organization of the U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratory are systematically investigated and analyzed, and it is found that the U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratory organizes strategic basic research based on clear strategic positioning and research direction, and has its own characteristics in terms of funding input structure and R & D team structure, basic research output level, and discipline field layout; national laboratories carry out collaborative research and innovation through cooperation with governments, non-profit institutions, universities, enterprises and national laboratories, and at the same time carry out differentiated international cooperative research, forming an international cooperation model dominated by developed countries and continuously strengthening cooperation with China. The research results have important reference value for the layout and construction of national laboratories and the development of strategic basic research in China.

 

Introduction to the author:

Liu Yun (1963-), male, from Hefei, Anhui Province, is a professor and doctoral supervisor. His research interests are science and technology policy, science and technology evaluation, and innovation management.

Zhai Xiaorong (1994-), female, from Puyang, Henan, PhD candidate, research direction is public policy.


 

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(Liu Yilin, Professor, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences)

 

Innovation Ecosystem-The Fourth Force to Promote Innovation Development

Willow unloading forest1, Yang Peipei2,3, Qian Wang1

(1. School of Economics and Management, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China; 2. Zhongdan College, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China; 3. China-Denmark Research and Education Center, Beijing 100190, China)

 

Abstract:In the changing global competitive landscape, the role of innovation has become increasingly prominent, and the driving force for innovation is constantly changing. In addition to the traditional market forces and government forces, in the digital age, the rise of social forces and innovation ecosystem forces has also continuously promoted the innovation process. Among them, the power of innovation ecosystem has brought unprecedented opportunities and challenges to China's innovation and development due to its different innovation concepts, modes of action and goals. On the basis of combing different types of innovation driving forces, the different characteristics of various driving forces are compared. At the same time, based on the view of innovation ecosystem as the fourth innovation driving force, the opportunities and challenges faced by it in China are discussed, and relevant suggestions are given.

Introduction to the author:

Liu Xilin (1957-), male, from Quzhou, Zhejiang, is a professor and doctoral supervisor. His research interests are technological innovation management, science and technology policy, and innovation ecosystem.

Yang Peipei (1993-), female, from Hengshui, Hebei Province, is a doctoral student. His research interests are innovation management, innovation ecosystem and science and technology policy.

Wang Qian (1992-), female, from Anshan, Liaoning, is a doctoral candidate. His research interests are innovation and strategic management, and innovation ecosystem.

 


 

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(Zhang Xinyu, postdoctoral fellow, Renmin University of China)

 

Factor Mismatch, Independent Innovation and High Quality Development of Manufacturing Industry

Zhang Xinyu1, Zhang Mingzhi2,3

(1. Institute of National Development and Strategy, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China; 2. School of Economics, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Jinan 250014, China; 3. Institute of Population and Economic Development, Shandong University of Finance and Economics, Jinan 250014, China)

 

Abstract:Improving the efficiency of factor allocation and improving the level of technological progress is an important breakthrough to promote the growth of total factor productivity (TFP) in the manufacturing Productivity, and thus to achieve high-quality development of the manufacturing industry. By introducing factor mismatch and independent innovation into the monopoly competition model of heterogeneous enterprises, this paper puts forward the indirect mechanism of factor mismatch on the high-quality development of manufacturing industry by influencing independent innovation. Then, using the 2007-2019 manufacturing listed company data, urban economic and social data and micro-land transfer data to explore the experience, a comprehensive examination of capital mismatch, labor mismatch and land mismatch and other multi-dimensional factors mismatching the direct and indirect effects of high-quality development of manufacturing. The results show that capital mismatch and land mismatch have a direct inhibitory effect on the high-quality development of manufacturing industry, while independent innovation directly promotes the high-quality development of manufacturing industry, and it is worth noting that capital mismatch will indirectly hinder the high-quality development of manufacturing industry by inhibiting independent innovation. The research of this paper clearly points out the source of the dilemma of high-quality development of manufacturing industry from the perspective of multi-dimensional factor mismatch. Therefore, systematically promoting the reform of factor market-oriented allocation and optimizing the efficiency of factor allocation, so as to stimulate the vitality of independent innovation and improve the ability of independent innovation, can accelerate the pace of TFP upgrading in the manufacturing industry and promote the high-quality development of China's manufacturing industry.

 

Introduction to the author:

Zhang Xinyu (1994-), male, from Chengde, Hebei Province, is a postdoctoral fellow. His research interests are high-quality development of manufacturing industry, population, resources and environmental economy.

Zhang Mingzhi (1989-), male, Taian, Shandong, associate professor, doctor, research direction for population, resources and environmental economy.

 

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